ERIC Number: ED362151
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Using and Selecting Graphic Techniques To Acquire Structural Knowledge.
Beissner, Katherine L.; And Others
This paper describes the characteristics of graphic techniques, such as networks, pattern notes, semantic maps, and graphic organizers, that can be used to acquire knowledge of relationships between concepts in a content area. The implications for research and instructional design are considered, and nine types of these techniques are described and illustrated. A model that proposes different effects of these graphing strategies based upon the cognitive processes required to construct the graphic is presented. Hierarchically organized graphics require analysis and elaboration of content and seem to enhance recall and transfer of learning. Heterarchical graphics require integration of content, which facilitates inference and problem-solving. While other characteristics of graphic techniques may affect learning outcomes, the primary differences will result from the types of cognitive processes induced when the graphics are generated. (Contains 36 references.) (KRN)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Elaboration; Graphic Representation; Semantic Feature Analysis; Semantic Mapping
Note: In: Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Presentations at the Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (15th, New Orleans, Louisiana, January 13-17, 1993); see IR 016 300.