ERIC Number: ED358915
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Friendship on Adolescents' Self-Esteem.
Berndt, Thomas J.; Keefe, Keunho
This study investigated the effects of friendship on seventh and eighth graders' self-esteem. The study assessed: (1) whether changes in adolescents' self-esteem during a school year were related to the quality of their friendships early in the year; and (2) whether friends' ratings of their self-esteem became more similar over the course of the year. The study included 297 students, all of whom completed Harter's Self-Perception Profile for Children in the fall and spring of the school year, and described the positive and negative features of their best friendships. Findings indicated that changes during the year in adolescents' global self-worth were not related to the quality of their fall friendships, but having friendships with many positive features was related to decreases during the year in perceived athletic competence and increases during the year in perceived physical appearance. By contrast, the study found that having stable friendships with many negative features was related to increases in perceived athletic competence. The findings suggest that adolescents perceive their competence as varying in different domains, and that friendships have distinctive effects on the various domains of self-perception. (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Athletic Ability; Physical Appearance
Note: Poster presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, LA, March 25-27, 1993).