ERIC Number: ED354069
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Early Childhood Education in Korea.
Bailey, Becky; Lee, Gi-Hyoun
The Korean kindergarten curriculum involves a mixture of Japanese, American, and Korean methods. The Japanese influence is reflected in the use of large group instruction and an expectation of uniformity from the children, influences from the United States include a consideration for children's individual interests, and the Korean influence is seen in a focus on self-esteem, Korean culture, and a strong Korean identity. Korea has two kinds of kindergarten, public and private, both of which are regulated by the Ministry of Education. The curriculum focuses on physical, emotional, cognitive, social, and language development. Day care is available for prekindergarten children through day care centers, Semaull Head Start (a program for low-income children), and infant schools. Teacher training for early childhood education relies heavily on vocational training colleges. Three major cultural factors which contribute to the character of Korean children are Confucian ideology, Korea's history as an agricultural country, and the value Korean culture places on the group. Korean children express their love and respect for teachers differently than do American children, and are taught to be quiet and obedient. It is important for Americans who teach Korean children to be sensitive to these cultural differences. (MM)
Descriptors: Child Development, Child Rearing, Class Activities, Cultural Awareness, Curriculum Design, Day Care Centers, Early Childhood Education, Foreign Countries, Infants, Intercultural Communication, Kindergarten, Kindergarten Children, Korean Culture, Preservice Teacher Education, Student Behavior, Teacher Student Relationship
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: South Korea
Note: Paper presented at the Conference of the Florida Association for Children Under Six (Orlando, FL, September 1992).