ERIC Number: ED351679
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Photojournalism Issues for the 1990s: Concerns for All Teachers of Journalism Courses.
Journalism instructors are concerned that the credibility of images and consequently of words will suffer if the image content, as the photographer took the picture at the time, is altered by a computer operator far removed from the actual scene. Any discussion of picture manipulation ethics must take into account where and why a picture was used--its context. Most past violations of ethical standards have come about because an internal element of the picture has been altered or removed. Educators must teach themselves how computer software can be used to make all of the traditional darkroom manipulations and how that same software can be used to manipulate the content of those images. But concentration on the picture manipulation issue detracts from other important issues that face photography and photography educators. Picture manipulation is an important topic, but since it has been a constant theme in photography since at least 1839, it is not the most interesting ethical question. Victims of violence and right to privacy issues are much more interesting ethical problems for students than whether it is proper to erase a line through a picture or move a pyramid. Photojournalism educators accept subject and picture manipulations within an advertising context, but "shock ads" blur the distinction between advertisement and editorial. Technology is causing a merger between words and images. A theory that can explain and set within a context the rapid merging of words and images is desperately needed. Educators with word and image backgrounds need to work together to anticipate the social, economic, and educational changes that will arise as technology proceeds. (Five figures of famous photographs altered through the use of computer software are included.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Educational Issues
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (75th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 5-8, 1992). Photographs will not reproduce clearly.