ERIC Number: ED351363
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Foundations of Cooperative Learning.
Jacobs, George M.
Five cooperative learning methods are described with the theories that support them. The five methods are: (1) Group Investigation (GI), developed by S. Sharan and others; (2) Jigsaw, developed by E. Aronson and others; (3) Student Teams Achievement Divisions (STAD), developed by R. E. Slavin and others; (4) Learning Together, developed by D. W. Johnson and R. T. Johnson; and (5) MURDER, developed by D. Dansereau and others. GI is rooted in the philosophy of J. Dewey and humanistic psychology. Jigsaw and Learning Together derive from social psychology, mainly Gestalt and group dynamics, while STAD is influenced by behaviorism, and MURDER is based on cognitive psychology. Each approach is examined for its conceptual foundations. Although there are important differences between the philosophies and theories of learning underlying various cooperative learning methods, the methods are not mutually exclusive. One way to integrate these methods is by modifying them to increase areas of commonality. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Dewey Model; Gestalt Psychology; Humanistic Psychology
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Hawaii Educational Research Association (Honolulu, HI, January 9, 1990).