ERIC Number: ED351355
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
The Maslach Burnout Inventory: Testing for Invariant Factorial Structure across Gender for Elementary and Secondary Teachers.
Byrne, Barbara M.
A study was conducted to: (1) test for the factorial validity of the 22-item Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) separately for 742 male and 801 female elementary school teachers and 659 male and 721 female secondary school teachers in Central Canada; (2) cross-validate findings across a second independent sample for each teacher group; and (3) test for invariant factorial structure across gender within each of the 2 teaching panels. Although confirmatory factor analysis supports a 3-factor structure, it also supports previous research in demonstrating the strong cross-loading of item 12 on the Emotional Exhaustion factor, and abnormally large correlated errors between items 1 and 2, items 10 and 11, and items 6 and 16. These results were invariant across the calibration/validation groups, across gender, and across elementary/secondary teaching panels. A retesting of content validity associated with these items is strongly recommended. Four tables and 1 figure present analysis results, and 34 references are listed. (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Canada; Confirmatory Factor Analysis; Cross Validation; Maslach Burnout Inventory
Note: Paper presented at the International Congress of Psychology (25th, Brussels, Belgium, 1992).