ERIC Number: ED351160
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Economic Development and Employment Opportunities for American Indians.
Sandefur, Gary D.
American Indian unemployment remains high despite efforts by tribes and the federal government to improve employment opportunities. Persistently high unemployment among Indians has resulted in low family incomes and high poverty rates relative to Whites. Particularly serious on reservations, these continuing problems are related in part to low educational attainment and poor health among American Indians. Federal agencies and programs that affect employment are the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Indian Health Service, Department of Agriculture, Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, and federal employment programs. Policies and strategies to address employment problems emphasize Indians as: members of tribes administered by tribal governments; members of a minority group; or members of a larger disadvantaged group in need of better education and training. The evidence suggests that strategies relying on tribal governments have had limited success but have been hampered by lack of expertise in managing tribal natural resources, geographic isolation of reservations, small size of many tribes, and fears among private businesses about legal recourse and tribal sovereignty. Further, current knowledge does not identify other strategies for overcoming barriers to economic growth. Limited research suggests positive impacts on Indian employment from affirmative action, public sector employment through CETA, and employment and training programs directed specifically at American Indians. (SV)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Tribal Government
Note: In: Green, Donald E., Ed. and Tonnesen, Thomas V., Ed. American Indians: Social Justice and Public Policy, 1991; see RC 018 834.