ERIC Number: ED351081
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Tracking the Liberal Arts over Sixteen Years. Trends and Implications.
Ignash, Jan M.
Since 1975, the Center for the Study of Community Colleges (CSCC), in Los Angeles, California, has conducted seven studies of liberal arts programs in community colleges. In 1991, CSCC launched the National Liberal Arts Curriculum Project (NLACP), linking findings with an ongoing transfer study at CSCC. Among the areas examined in the NLACP were: the relationship between liberal arts curriculum and an institution's transfer rate; differences in curricular patterns of institutions based on percent of minority enrollment; growth and decline in different curricular areas; the effect of college characteristics on curricular offerings; and the relationship between remedial course enrollments and transfer. From the random sample of institutions contacted in the NLACP, there were 164 participants, representing a 68% response rate. Highlights from the CSCC studies include the following: (1) in the 1991 study, 59,205 liberal arts sections were coded, of which 23.7% were in the humanities and 22.5% were in English, with remedial courses occupying 10% of the total liberal arts curriculum; (2) comparisons of NLACP findings with previous CSCC curriculum studies revealed that liberal arts offerings and enrollments have remained remarkably consistent from 1975 to 1991; (3) in non-liberal arts curricula, agriculture and engineering showed substantial declines between 1978 and 1991; (4) English as a Second Language offerings have increased from 30% of total foreign language offerings in 1983, to 51% in 1991; and (5) Social and Ethnic Studies offerings have shown a marked decline, from 3.1% of total humanities offerings in 1977, to .7% in 1991. Longitudinal data tables of course offerings by subject area are included. (PAA)
Descriptors: College Curriculum, College Transfer Students, Community Colleges, Educational Mobility, Educational Research, Educational Trends, English (Second Language), Enrollment Trends, Higher Education, Humanities, Liberal Arts, Longitudinal Studies, National Surveys, Remedial Programs, Transfer Rates (College), Two Year Colleges
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Center for the Study of Community Colleges CA
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the California Association for Institutional Research (Ontario, CA, November 5-6, 1992).