ERIC Number: ED350848
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Research on ESL Composition Instruction: The Fluency-First Approach.
Rorschach, Elizabeth; Tillyer, Anthea; Verdi, Gail
An experimental English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) program at City College (New York) is reported. The federally funded project investigated the effectiveness of an instructional method entitled "Fluency First" and based on whole language theories of learning. It requires large amounts of reading and writing, collaboration with peers, and self-examination of learning processes. Participants were 24 students of varying ages and language backgrounds. The report consists of an overview of the approach and program, tabulation of quantitative data on ESL student achievement from 1983 to 1991, presentation of a case study of the seven Latin American students, a discussion of participating teachers' responses to the program, and a brief assessment of the implications of the research for other ESL programs, particularly in the areas of faculty development, curriculum design, and instructional material development. (MSE)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Case Studies, College Students, Curriculum Development, Educational Strategies, English (Second Language), Faculty Development, Higher Education, Instructional Effectiveness, Instructional Materials, Language Fluency, Material Development, Program Descriptions, Program Design, Program Effectiveness, Second Language Instruction, Spanish Speaking, Teacher Attitudes, Whole Language Approach, Writing Instruction
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: City University of New York City College; Fluency First Approach
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (26th, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, March 3-7, 1992).