ERIC Number: ED350509
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Self-Consistency and Gender Differences in the Accuracy of Self-Evaluations.
Prior research has established that gender differences in self-perceptions exist. It was hypothesized that self-consistency tendencies can partially explain gender differences in self-evaluations. College students (N=488) were presented with either a feminine, masculine, or neutral gender-typed task, each containing 35 multiple-choice questions. Subjects were randomly assigned to conditions and tasks. In the control condition subjects stated performance expectancies, performed the task, and then estimated the number of correctly answered questions (self-evaluation). According to self-consistency theory, subjects' expectancies should affect their post-task self-evaluations. Results confirmed this hypothesis. It was also assessed whether biased recall of one's performance on individual questions can partially explain gender differences in the accuracy of self-evaluations. It was found that indeed males were relatively more likely than females to recall those questions which they wrongly believed that they had answered correctly. Because of the serious implications of underestimations of performance for self-confidence and psychological health more attention should be devoted to the investigation of gender differences in the accuracy of self-evaluations. Such research will not only elucidate the underlying processes of self-evaluation biases, but will also be of practical value by suggesting ways of eliminating women's underestimations of performance. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Self Consistency Theory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (100th, Washington, DC, August 14-18, 1992).