ERIC Number: ED350366
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Remedial Education: Modifying Chapter 1 Formula Would Target More Funds to Those Most in Need. Report to Congressional Requesters.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.
A study of possible modifications to the Chapter 1 formula examined whether such change might better target the federal funds to the needs of low-achieving students in high poverty areas. The study used data from a national evaluation of Chapter 1. The data underwent a multiple regression analysis focusing on the relationship between low achievement and the number of poor students. An illustrative funding formula was developed to demonstrate how recognizing the greater need in counties with high numbers of poor children and providing extra funds to low-income counties would have changed Chapter 1 allocation in fiscal year 1990. Results suggest that changing the formula could increase the program funds to counties with greater needs. The current formula does not reflect the distribution of poverty-related low achievers, provide extra assistance to areas unable to fund remedial services, or reflect differences in local costs. A revised formula would improve targeting if it relied on a more precise method of estimating poverty-related low achievers, used an income adjustment factor, and used a uniform measure of education services costs. Included are two tables, and four appendixes containing additional data in four tables and one figure, information on methodology, comments from the U.S. Department of Education, and a list of major contributors. (JB)
Descriptors: Compensatory Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Economically Disadvantaged, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Programs, High Risk Students, Low Achievement, Mathematical Formulas, Program Effectiveness, Program Improvement, Remedial Programs, Resource Allocation
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20877 (first copy free, additional copies $2 each, orders for 100 or more copies to be mailed to a single address are discounted 25 percent).
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.
Identifiers: Department of Education; Education Consolidation Improvement Act Chapter 1