PDF pending restoration
ERIC Number: ED350363
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
The Effect of Participation in Activities Outside the School and Family Structure on Substance Use by Middle and Secondary School Students.
Van Nelson, C.; And Others
A study was done to determine if certain social variables outside of the school environment would show a relationship with substance abuse. Non-school activities considered were organized athletics, clubs, and music and drama organizations. A survey was distributed to 7,426 secondary school and middle school students in a large Midwestern suburban/rural county over 2 school years (1988-90). The instrument used included 52 items touching on participation in activities, family structure, and substance abuse. Analysis of the data indicated that substance abuse is more likely when the student does not participate in after-school activities. In addition, the data show that a less cohesive family unit is related to a higher probability of substance abuse as home environments where both parents are present showed the highest percentage of respondents who reported not using substances. Students from two-parent home environments were less likely to attend social functions where alcohol was present. Included in the text are 2 tables, and 2 appendixes offer 20 tables of additional data. (JB)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Etiology, Extracurricular Activities, Family Environment, Family Structure, High School Students, Intermediate Grades, Junior High School Students, Middle School Students, Middle Schools, Rural Youth, Secondary Education, Student Characteristics, Substance Abuse, Suburban Youth
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Student Surveys
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, October 17, 1991).