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ERIC Number: ED350357
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Adolescents' Perceptions of Equal Opportunities and Social Cleavages in Israeli Society.
Erhard, Rachel; And Others
A study was done of perceptions of equality of opportunities for access to social resources and of social cleavages in Israeli society among Israeli students in grades 8 and 9. The study population included 9,000 students in 273 classes in a national sample of 47 secular junior high schools. Subjects were asked to assess equality of opportunities to five social resources (employment, higher education, prestigious occupations, senior public offices, and influential social positions) and to evaluate access to each of these resources with regard to gender, socioeconomic status, ethnic background, and type of residence. Sixty percent of the subjects thought that those from wealthy families would have better life chances than would those from poor families. Approximately one-third thought that males have better chances in life than do females. A relatively high degree of inequality was perceived with regard to chances for employment. The cleavage between religious and secular Jews was perceived as most serious and least reducible, while the political cleavage was perceived as less serious. Contrary to expectation, perception of cleavages were only weakly connected to the background characteristics of the students. Only intelligence was significantly linked to perceptions of cleavages. Included are 111 references. The text is presented in Hebrew; and an abstract, a summary of the results, and references are presented in parallel English and Hebrew versions. (JB)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Adolescents, Economic Opportunities, Equal Education, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Foreign Countries, Jews, Junior High School Students, Junior High Schools, National Surveys, Religious Factors, Sex Differences, Social Differences, Social Status, Social Stratification, Student Attitudes
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Friedrich-Naumann Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem (Israel). National Council of Jewish Women Research Inst. for Innovation in Education.
Identifiers: Equal Access; Equality (Social); Israel