ERIC Number: ED350295
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of Ancient Chinese Philosophy on Contemporary Leisure in China.
Chang, Yi-Shih; Card, Jaclyn A.
Little has been written on the impact of Far East civilization's thought and influence on leisure in China today. A discussion of Chinese history, outlined in three stages, clarifies the development of Chinese philosophy over the past 5,000 years. Chinese civilization and culture rest upon a philosophical basis shaped primarily by the principles of Confucianism, Taoism, and Neo-Confucianism. Confucianism stresses ideal human relationships. Taoism emphasizes the need to look beyond the promises and treaties of human beings for a source of peace and contentment. Neo-Confucianism joined certain metaphysical ideas of Buddhism and Taoism to Confucianism, resulting in an acceptance of the human cycle from birth to death as normal and good and a concentration on society and political reform in this life. A variety of recreation activities are embedded in Chinese culture and the people's daily living. Contemporary Chinese leisure can be discussed in three broad categories: tourism, sports, and general leisure activities. The most significant impact of Chinese thought on people's leisure life is based on three specific features of traditional Chinese society: agriculture as the base of living; family as the core of life; and Confucianism as the root of thought. Several historical and contemporary aspects of Chinese people's lives have influenced their leisure patterns, including limited free time because of having to engage in hard work; urbanization; a passive attitude toward leisure; the role of women in society; and reverence for nature. Chinese attitudes and values also account for differences between Chinese and Western leisure patterns. (IAH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: China; Chinese History