ERIC Number: ED350269
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr-21
Reference Count: N/A
Developing Academic Professionals through the Finnish Teacher Education Curriculum.
Hellgren, Paul A.
After Finland's elementary and secondary system was totally reformed in the 1970s, it was determined that the education of elementary and secondary teachers also needed to change. Four new teacher education goals were proposed: (1) developing scientific humanism, (2) creativity, (3) socialization, and (4) a holistic view of individuals. The new plan did not separate general, theoretical, and professional education; it oriented teacher education more toward science and research. Three factors were crucial: integrating theoretical with practical studies; integrating subject studies with pedagogical studies; and preparing prospective teachers to guide the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor development of their students. Finland's reformed teacher education now offers comprehensive programs for elementary and subject (secondary) teachers. Both programs lead to a master's degree and are considered academic curricula. Because subject teachers teach subject-specific classes in comprehensive schools, they study two or three subjects and major in one. Since elementary teachers teach all subjects, they major in educational science and learn the basics of all subjects. The teacher education reform has led to a system that does not differ much from the traditional notion of professionalism on the European continent. (SM)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Curriculum Development, Educational Change, Educational Planning, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Holistic Approach, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Preservice Teacher Education, Secondary School Teachers, Social Influences, Teacher Education Curriculum, Teacher Improvement
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Helsinki Univ., (Finland). Dept. of Teacher Education.
Identifiers: Finland; Professionalization of Teaching; Subject Centered Curriculum
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 20-24, 1992).