ERIC Number: ED350219
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987
Reference Count: N/A
Rural Development in China: Grades Nine to Twelve.
Chang, Michael; And Others
This unit consists of four lessons suitable for grade levels 9 to 12 and teacher background articles corresponding to each of the lessons. Lesson 1 provides an introduction to developing countries and the importance of agriculture in their societies. Students compare various economic indicators and sectors in developed and developing countries. Lesson 2 introduces the philosophical and ideological underpinnings of the 1949 Chinese Communist revolution and of the subsequent rural development programs. Students engage in a two-act dramatic reading exercise that highlights the issues of exploitation and redistribution as perceived by peasants and the Communist Party. Lessons 3 and 4 examine two different rural systems that have developed under China's socialist rural development program. In lesson 3, students are introduces to the ideals of self-reliance and egalitarianism associated with the People's Commune System through an excerpt of Mao Zedong's famous article entitled "The Foolish Man Who Removed the Mountains" and a description of the spirit that helped to transform Tachai into a model commune during the Cultural Revolution period of the 1970s. Finally, in the last lesson, students are introduced to the Agricultural Responsibility System that has replaced the commune system as the main feature of China's rural development policies in the 1980s. (DB)
Descriptors: Agriculture, Asian Studies, Communism, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Economic Factors, Economics Education, Foreign Countries, High Schools, Learning Activities, Rural Development, Rural Economics, Social Change, Socialism, Teaching Methods, Units of Study
Stanford Program on International and Cross Cultural Education (SPICE), Littlefield Center, Room 14, 300 Lasuen Street, Stanford, CA 94305-5013 ($13.95).
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Stanford Program on International and Cross Cultural Education.
Note: The China Project.