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ERIC Number: ED350136
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Examining Social and Economic Impacts of Educational Investment and Participation in Developing Countries: The Educational Impacts Model (EIM) Approach. BRIDGES Research Report Series No. 12.
Crouch, Luis A.; And Others
From 1960 to 1980, school enrollment and educational expenditures in developing countries experienced significant expansion. By the late 1980s, however, this trend had slowed. This report examines the impact of education upon welfare and productivity. A unified global data set is used to address the question from a macroeconomic, gender-specific, and multisectoral perspective. The data support the following conclusions: (1) enrollments in education grow principally as a result of increased supply; (2) rates of completion increase with increased spending per student; (3) education of women lowers fertility rates and infant mortality rates, eventually contributing to population-growth decline and improvement of life expectancy; and (4) education participation rates have an indirect effect on growth of GNP. Data from 80 countries were integrated into a computer simulation model, the Educational Impacts Model (EIM). EIM focuses primarily on population growth and economic productivity. It was designed as a tool to support efforts of education ministers in developing countries to increase allocations to their sectors. Data from Pakistan are used as a demonstration of EIM. The document includes tables, charts, and graphs illustrating the educational and economic data used by the simulation model. This document contains approximately 70 references. (TES)
Descriptors: Computer Simulation, Developing Nations, Economic Development, Educational Development, Educational Finance, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrollment, Financial Support, Foreign Countries, Models, Outcomes of Education, Population Growth, Productivity, Role of Education, Rural Education, Womens Education
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Agency for International Development (IDCA), Washington, DC. Bureau of Science and Technology.
Authoring Institution: Research Triangle Inst., Research Triangle Park, NC.; Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Inst. for International Development.; Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Graduate School of Education.
Identifiers: Educational Impacts Model; Gross National Product; Pakistan