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ERIC Number: ED350107
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Gender Constancy Understanding, Perceptions of Figure's Sex and Size, and Gender Schematization on Preschoolers' Gender-Typing: Sometimes Big Girls Do Cry.
Levy, Gary D.
This study examined the effects of children's understanding of gender constancy and their perceptions of differences in figures' sexes and relative body sizes on their attributions of gender-typed activities and characteristics. Interviews with 80 children between 3 and 6 years of age were conducted to ascertain the children's understanding of gender constancy. In a gender role attribution task, children were presented with drawings of a male and female figure of the same size, or two figures of the same sex but of different sizes. Children were then asked to identify which figure they thought would be most likely to engage in certain activities or act in a certain manner previously gender-typed as masculine or feminine. The results indicated that children attributed: (1) more masculine activities and characteristics to male than to female figures of the same size; (2) more masculine activities and characteristics to larger than to smaller male figures; (3) more feminine activities and characteristics to female than to male figures of the same size; and (4) more feminine activities and characteristics to larger than to smaller female figures. (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Gender Schema Theory; Kohlberg (Lawrence)