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ERIC Number: ED350070
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Non-Maternal Care in the First Twelve Months of Life on Children in the First Year of School: Preliminary Findings from a Two Stage Study (The Australian Early Childhood Study).
Ochiltree, Gay; Edgar, Don
This paper, which presents preliminary analysis of data from stage one of the Australian Early Childhood study, examined the effects of nonmaternal care in the first year of life on children in their first year of school. The author tested the hypothesis, proposed by John Bowlby and others, that long periods of nonmaternal care in the first 12 months of life are a risk factor in the later development of psychological problems. A random sample of 8,471 mothers of first-year school children in Melbourne, Adelaide, and Perth responded to questionnaires that included questions about their socioeconomic and racial backgrounds and the type and amount of nonmaternal care provided to their children since birth. Mothers were also sent a checklist of skills and behaviors that was designed to gauge the readiness of their children for school. From these measures it was found that long hours of nonmaternal care in the first years of life were not the primary cause of social and emotional difficulties at the time of entry into school. Rather, the analysis suggests that these difficulties were related to broader family background factors and characteristics of mother and child, such as poverty, ethnicity and the mothers' satisfaction with their lives. Contains 56 references. (MDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Australian Inst. of Family Studies, Melbourne.
Identifiers: Australia (Adelaide); Australia (Melbourne); Australia (Perth); Bowlby (John)