ERIC Number: ED350006
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: 0
Research Networks and Libraries. Applications and Issues for a Global Information Network. UDT Series on Data Communication Technologies and Standards for Libraries, Report #1.
This paper is intended to provide interested librarians with a basic knowledge of research networks (as opposed to library networks), focusing specifically on the manner in which they can be used by the international library community to support library functions and improve access to bibliographic information, as well as the technical and policy issues involved in research network use. (Research networks are defined as networks developed within the academic community to provide the infrastructure for a variety of networking tasks, while library networks are designed specifically to support the nuts and bolts operations of libraries.) While major projects involving library/research network connectivity are discussed, the primary focus of the study is the potential for research network use and available standards. After an introductory initial chapter, the second chapter provides an overview of network concepts, including network types and protocols. Library applications of research networks are addressed in the third chapter, including applications for bibliographic provision, document supply, and technical services. In the fourth chapter, library and research network projects in North America, Europe, Australia, and Japan are described. Technical and policy issues, including governance, intellectual property rights, appropriate use, access, and staffing, are considered in the fifth chapter. Chapter 5 also discusses the outlook for developing nations; chapter 6 looks briefly at future network initiatives; and chapter 7 summarizes benefits of and obstacles to library use of research networks. Relevant standards are listed; and the appendix provides background information (i.e., name, date started, purpose, location, configuration, governance, financing, membership, and connections) for networks in North America, Europe, Eastern Europe, Australasia, South East Asia, Southern Asia, the Far East, Latin America and the Caribbean, the Middle East, and Africa. (MES)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, Ottawa (Ontario). International Office for Universal Dataflow & Telecommunications.
Identifiers: Information Infrastructure; Protocols (Networking); Research Networks
Note: For related documents, see IR 054 175, IR 054 178-179, IR 054 182-183, and IR 054 197.