ERIC Number: ED349900
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Analogical Reasoning between Chinese Graduate Students Studying in Either the People's Republic of China (PRC) or the United States (USA).
Bellack, Daniel R.; And Others
This study compared Chinese graduate students in the People's Republic of China (PRC) to Chinese graduate students in the United States (U.S.) in their analogical reasoning skills. Analogical reasoning was used because it requires multidimensional cognitive abilities. Subjects were 40 male and female Chinese graduate students who had graduated from colleges in PRC. Twenty subjects were attending graduate school at the Medical University of South Carolina in the U.S. while 20 were attending graduate school in the PRC. Both schools were medical universities. All 40 subjects took the written "Miller Analogies Test" in Chinese. Each problem was selected for cultural fairness. After a few practice problems, the subjects completed the test of 40 items in an untimed session. Results of the study showed that the students in the PRC performed significantly better than the students in the U.S. on analogical reasoning skills. These differences may be related to the sociocultural challenges that face the students in the U.S. and which may increase anxiety and decrease confidence. Another possible source of difference may be contact with an individualist society and the experience of conflict between collectivist culture and the U.S. individualist culture. (Contains 10 references.) (JB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Analogy Test Items; China; Chinese People; Miller Analogies Test
Note: Paper given at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (38th, Knoxville, TN, March 25-28, 1992).