ERIC Number: ED349744
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-May
Reference Count: 0
Teaching Specific Requests: A Comparative Analysis on Skill Acquisition and Preference Using Two Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) Modalities.
Soto, Gloria; And Others
This study investigated whether a person with profound mental retardation could effectively learn specific requests using two different communication modes, both including the same set of graphic symbols. It also sought to compare whether the participant showed a preference for one modality over the other and to determine whether the participant could functionally use different communication modes depending on the characteristics of the environment. The young adult subject used manual signs as his primary means of communication. The two communication devices studied included a portable picture board and a programmable voice output communication aid (VOCA) with an overlay containing the same graphic symbols as the board. Results indicated that the subject met criteria for both communication devices at two settings during intervention and kept the criteria during preference assessment and maintenance phases. The subject showed stronger preference for one modality over the other. Generalization measures indicate that the subject generalized the use of his preferred communication device (VOCA) to different settings and different communication partners and successfully requested items of his choice at a fast food restaurant. (28 references) (JDD)
Descriptors: Communication Aids (for Disabled), Communication Skills, Comparative Analysis, Environmental Influences, Equipment Utilization, Generalization, Interpersonal Communication, Maintenance, Manual Communication, Pictorial Stimuli, Severe Mental Retardation, Skill Development, Visual Aids, Visual Stimuli, Young Adults
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Augmentative Alternative Communication; Choice Behavior
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association on Mental Retardation (116th, New Orleans, LA, May 26-30, 1992).