ERIC Number: ED349734
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Seven Behavioral Domains of Independent Living.
Harnisch, Delwyn L.; And Others
This study analyzes the components of a proposed definition of independent living, in order to derive scales to be used to differentiate between groups with specific disabilities and between those with and without disabilities. The study was designed to facilitate identification of those areas of special needs that can be best addressed within the education framework. Subjects were the 14,553 students drawn from the 1980 sophomore cohort of American high school students surveyed by the "High School and Beyond" national longitudinal survey, of whom 3,758 were identified as having a disability. The students were surveyed in the base year and the two subsequent biennial follow-ups. Items were selected from the three survey questionnaires and classified by expert judges into one of seven independent living domains (self-care and advocacy; accommodation and living arrangements; employment, education, and training; transportation and mobility; generic community services; recreation and leisure activities; and community interaction) or "other" or "not applicable" categories. Scales derived from factor analysis of the questionnaire items were used to assess several group differences. Results showed that youth with disabilities were below average on many aspects of life that they need to master to be able to lead productive and independent adult lives. Their aspirations for the future also were much lower. Rural youth lagged behind their city counterparts in a number of areas, such as computer skills, postsecondary education expectations, and participation in special education programs. Rural youth with disabilities scored above their city counterparts in family and affiliation areas. (Contains 11 references.) (JDD)
Descriptors: Advocacy, Behavior Rating Scales, Community Services, Definitions, Disabilities, Employment, High Schools, Independent Living, Leisure Time, Needs Assessment, Recreational Activities, Rural Education, Rural Urban Differences, Rural Youth, Self Care Skills, Social Integration, Transportation
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: High School and Beyond (NCES)
Note: In: Harnisch, Delwyn L., And Others. Selected Readings in Transition; see EC 301 473.