ERIC Number: ED349720
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
"Flat" versus "Weighted" Reimbursement Formulas: A Longitudinal Analysis of State-Wide Special Education Funding Practices.
Dempsey, Samuel; Fuchs, Douglas
Tennessee data were analyzed longitudinally from 1979-80 to 1987-88 to compare statewide special education practice associated with two student-based formulas for funding disbursement: "flat" versus "weighted.""Flat" grants, used from 1979-80 to 1982-83, provided a fixed amount of funds per child, teacher, or classroom unit. "Weighted" pupil calculations, used from 1983-84 to 1987-88, are based on types of children with specific disabilities multiplied by an average per pupil cost weighted to the type of service or degree of disability. Data were examined in terms of numbers of children placed in a variety of service options, including consultation, partial resource, comprehensive resource, and self-contained. Results indicated that the weighted formula was associated with a statistically significant decrease in less restrictive placements and a reliable increase in more restrictive placements. A statewide survey of 90 district special education directors suggested that service needs may have been more likely than monetary incentives to explain the observed changes in the use of special placements. Implications for policy planning concerning least restrictive environment are discussed. (Contains 21 references.) (JDD)
Descriptors: Categorical Aid, Classification, Delivery Systems, Disabilities, Educational Diagnosis, Educational Finance, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education, Grants, Handicap Identification, Incidence, Longitudinal Studies, Mainstreaming, Resource Allocation, Special Education, State Aid
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Impairment Severity; Tennessee
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 20-24, 1992).