ERIC Number: ED349657
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Administrator Stress and Coping Effectiveness: A Transactional Study.
Gmelch, Walter H.; Chan, Wilbert
Findings of a study that investigated the effect of administrative stressors on administrators' coping responses and the consequences of those responses are presented in this paper. Based on the managerial stress cycle model (Gmelch 1982), the study uses the transactional perspective, which views stress as an individual's physiological or psychological response to a perceived demand. A survey mailed to 1,000 administrators at the elementary, junior, and senior high school and district levels elicited 740 responses, a 74 percent response rate. Findings suggest that: (1) administrators reported a moderate stress level; (2) a significant negative correlation existed between administrator's perceived stress and their perceived coping effectiveness; (3) a significant negative correlation existed between perceived stress factors and burnout; and (4) androgenous individuals (those who possess the flexibility of both gender traits) expressed more effective coping behaviors. The data support the transactional view of the stress cycle. A recommendation is made to provide administrator training that incorporates diverse situations and behavioral adaptability to enhance coping ability. Two figures and five tables are included. (Contains 30 references.) (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 20-24, 1992).