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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

Learn more about the history of ERIC here. PDF icon

ERIC Number: ED349636
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Pages: 109
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-0-87367-725-0
ISSN: N/A
Invisible Forces: School Reform versus School Culture. Research for the Practitioner Series.
Prince, Julian D.
Practical suggestions for superintendents to use in reforming their schools are presented in this document, which focuses on "renorming" as a way to develop cohesive school district attitudes. Chapter 1 describes the concept of school culture, defines the concept of systemic cultural renorming, and provides an overview of the concepts of organizational development and general systems theory. The five elements of renorming are described in chapter 2. The third chapter explains how to renorm a school district, focusing on the technical aspects of the process, such as time factors and the cyclic nature of events. Chapter 4 describes how a small district in Mississippi used renorming to reform its English program. Conclusions are that successful change depends on effective leadership, community consensus, and employing a systemic approach. Appendices describe one superintendent's experiences and the renorming efforts of five school districts: Pontotoc, Mississippi; Springdale, Arkansas; Ardmore, Oklahoma; Social Circle, Georgia; and Richmond County, Georgia. (65 endnotes) (LMI)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Phi Delta Kappa, Bloomington, IN. Center on Evaluation, Development, and Research.
Identifiers: N/A