ERIC Number: ED349570
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
A National Study of High School Newspaper Programs: Environmental and Adviser Characteristics, Funding and Pressures on Free Expression.
Lain, Laurence B.
A study examined school, publication, and adviser characteristics most often associated with certain types of autonomy found in high school newspaper programs. From a compilation of all high schools in the United States, 434 schools were selected at random. Each school was sent a coded questionnaire concerning the school, the newspaper (if the school had one), who approved copy prior to publication, and the educational, professional, and advising experience of the advisers. Two hundred and thirty questionnaires were returned, for a response rate of 53%. Results indicated that: (1) adviser characteristics (notably experience and affiliation with professional associations) were clearly associated with newspaper autonomy; (2) papers supported through advertising were better able to run stories on birth control, abortion, sex, and stories critical of school administration; (3) papers which made a profit were less likely to be screened by administrators; and (4) profitable papers had fewer stories killed by administrators and were less likely to allow teachers to screen stories about themselves. Findings suggest that journalism teachers should place greater emphasis on teaching about the economics of newspapers, as well as about their editorial operations, and that advisers concerned about free expression should carefully consider the role of administrative subsidies for the papers they advise. (Three tables of data and 18 notes are included; the questionnaire is attached.) (Author/RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Advisor Role; Journalism Research
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (75th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 5-8, 1992).