ERIC Number: ED349523
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Sep-30
Reference Count: N/A
The Effectiveness of Career Guidance Approaches. Research Papers.
Lui, Hah Wah Elena
The Educational Research Unit Project ITL2 Study A in Singapore was quasi-experimental research designed to measure the effectiveness of non-traditional personnel and resource material package in developmental career guidance. Comparisons were made between experimental group and control group, and group guidance and individual counseling. The total samples comprised secondary one and two pupils (N=144) from two government schools in Singapore. A new instrument "Career Self-Concept Checklist" was specially constructed and validated in a pilot study for the pre- and post-test comparisons of treatment effects. The outcomes of this study showed that the package was effective in group guidance, the total sample's (N=32) gain in mean scores was statistically significant. The gain of mean scores in both Sec 1 and Sec 2 groups was significant. As for the control groups, there were no significant differences of mean scores in both the Bowen Secondary School and Thomson Secondary School groups. The treatment effect of individual counseling (N=16) using this package was also statistically significant. The mean scores difference in the pre- and post-tests, was a gain of 4.81 points which is slightly greater than the mean scores difference of 3.32 in the group guidance samples (N=32). As for all the control samples, there were no significant differences of mean scores at all. Generally speaking, the career guidance package has received very favorable responses from its users (teachers and pupils) in the experimental samples. The treatments were successful. (Author)
Descriptors: Career Guidance, Counseling Effectiveness, Counseling Services, Foreign Countries, Group Guidance, School Counseling, Secondary Education, Secondary School Students
Institute of Education, 469 Bukit Timah Road, Singapore 1025, Republic of Singapore.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Institute of Education (Singapore).