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ERIC Number: ED349314
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Reference Count: 0
What Makes a Difference during the Last Two Years of High School: An Overview of Studies Based on High School and Beyond Data.
Marsh, Herbert W.
Variables that influence growth and change in educational outcomes in the last 2 years of high school were studied using data from the High School and Beyond (HSB) study. The HSB study provided a database of thousands of variables for about 30 students from each of 1,000 randomly selected high schools in the United States in their sophomore and senior years and 2 years after graduation. This research summary briefly reviews studies on: (1) effects of public, Catholic single-sex, and Catholic coeducational high schools on achievement, affect, and behaviors; (2) effects of attending single-sex and coeducational high schools on achievement, attitudes, behaviors, and sex differences; (3) sex differences in the development of mathematics and verbal self-concepts; (4) failure of high-ability schools to deliver academic benefits; (5) influence of internal and external frames of reference on formation of mathematics and English self-concepts; (6) effects of employment during high school; (7) effects of extracurricular activities; (8) effects of participation in sports; and (9) changes in achievement, attitudes, and behavior in the last 2 years of high school for students from different family structures. Methodological implications from these studies are discussed. Three tables and 5 figures present data from the various studies, and 15 references are included. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Catholic Schools, Educational Research, Extracurricular Activities, Family Structure, High School Students, High Schools, National Surveys, Outcomes of Education, Predictor Variables, Public Schools, Self Concept, Sex Differences, Single Sex Schools, Student Attitudes, Student Behavior, Student Employment
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Academic Self Concept; High School and Beyond (NCES)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 14-20, 1992).