ERIC Number: ED349298
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: 0
Motivation in Education.
Ray, Nancy L.
This paper presents basic principles and theories of motivation, attempts to provide a better understanding of the concept, and explores the role motivation plays in learning. Basic theories of motivation are reviewed including: Freud's belief in motivation by the id, unconscious forces, and sexual stages; Jung and Adler's belief that people are motivated most by striving for future goals; Horney's theory that people are motivated by needs arising from anxiety; McDougall's belief that humans are motivated by instincts; Skinner's behaviorist theories that motivation comes from the environment; Hull's behaviorist theory that humans are motivated by drives; and Maslow's theory that people are motivated as needs are fulfilled. Theories on the following aspects of motivation are discussed briefly: locus of control, attribution theory, intrinsic motivation, need for achievement; motivation and the personality; motivation according to age; the teacher's role in motivation; encouraging the student; stimulating the student; the student's self-concept; and the parents' role in motivation. (LL)
Descriptors: Achievement Need, Attribution Theory, Educational Principles, Educational Theories, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Literature Reviews, Locus of Control, Motivation, Motivation Techniques, Parent Role, Self Concept, Self Motivation, Student Characteristics, Teacher Role
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Freud (Sigmund); Horney (Karen); Jung (Carl G); Maslow (Abraham); Skinner (B F)