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ERIC Number: ED349080
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Pages: 50
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
International Catholic Child Bureau Report of a Pilot Study To Assess Levels of Stress in a Sample of 90 Refugee Children in Central America.
McCallin, Margaret
This pilot study assessed the levels of stress of 90 refugee children aged 7 to 12 years. The countries of origin were El Salvador and Nicaragua; the countries of asylum were Costa Rica, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Parents and teachers assessed each child by means of a questionnaire. Parents completed a second questionnaire which contributed background information about children's experiences. Results indicated a high correlation between teacher and parent assessments. Teachers reported that children exhibited learning problems, and some children exhibited antisocial behavior. Results also indicated that: (1) children exhibited psychosomatic symptoms of stress and a need for reassurance; (2) children who had experienced civil violence had higher levels of stress than children who had not; (3) stress levels increased with family size; (4) some stress-causing factors, such as the experience of civil violence combined with poor living conditions in the country of asylum, had an interactive effect on each other; and (5) children's experience of civil violence over a long period of time had long-term consequences for their development. Nine references are cited. Appendixes include English language versions of the parent and teacher questionnaires, a list of changes made for the English versions of the questionnaires, the background information questionnaire, and presentations of the statistical data from the study. (BC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Catholic Child Bureau, Geneva (Switzerland).
Identifiers: Central America; Childhood Experiences; Costa Rica; Honduras; Nicaragua; Nicaraguans; Salvadoreans