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ERIC Number: ED348843
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Reference Count: 0
Language Production-Language Contact: The Significance of Learners' Speech.
A study of German-speaking learners of English as a Second Language observed students telling a story, in English, based on an eight-frame cartoon provided to them. The cartoon had a surprising conclusion whose understanding required careful observation early on, creating a cognitive stress affecting language processing. It was found that in addition to this task stress, the students identified with a character or characters, and this perspective confounded the linguistic findings. However, the story told successfully by one subject allows analysis of temporal variables in the retelling, attention to details, vocabulary deficiencies, native language interference (fossilizations and transfers), and use of reliable phrases. It is concluded that while the processing of a second language is related to linguistic and metalinguistic knowledge acquired in the native language, the real issue in advanced second language processing is the availability of lexicon, particularly of proceduralized linguistic units (words, collocations, and formulas) readily accessible so the speaker can afford to search for and retrieve other linguistic knowledge. A brief bibliography is included. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Meara, Paul, Ed. Spoken Language. Papers from the Annual Meeting of the British Association for Applied Linguistics (Edinburgh, Scotland, September 1985); see FL 020 441.