ERIC Number: ED348798
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
The Effectiveness of Special Education in Developing Life Skills of Students.
Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Program Evaluation.
This report presents results of several studies of the effectiveness of special education. Major findings of a review of other studies indicate: youth with learning disabilities tend to have the highest rate of employment (71 percent) followed by youth with speech handicaps or mild mental retardation (50-60 percent). Postsecondary educational participation was greatest (40 to 50 percent) for individuals with hearing or visual impairments. Nonparticipation rates for the severely impaired was approximately 60 percent; for individuals with mental retardation approximately 40 percent; and for persons with emotional disturbance and physical impairments about 33 percent. Living arrangements varied little among disability categories with independent living rates generally about 20 percent. A study of special education effectiveness in Texas found, overall, 66 percent of former students employed (compared to a national rate of 40 percent); 25 percent participating in some type of postsecondary education; and 21 percent nonparticipatory. A longitudinal study currently in process includes close to 1,000 students in special education. Major recommendations include: (1) systematic cooperative ventures between special and regular education; (2) systematic cooperative planning and programming between special education and outside public agencies; (3) a focus on parent involvement in transition planning; (4) prevention of dropping out among special education students; and (5) specific programming for female students with disabilities. An appendix details the job placements of students in the longitudinal and retrospective studies. (Contains 70 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Program Evaluation.