ERIC Number: ED348758
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
School Change Models and Processes: A Review of Research and Practice.
Sashkin, Marshall; Egermeier, John
This synthesis report examines the 30-year history of educational change to identify differing perspectives, strategies, and adoptable principles. Three influential perspectives in educational change have been: (1) the rational-scientific perspective positing that change is created by dissemination of innovative techniques; (2) the political perspective (the top-down approach) bringing about change through legislation and other external directives; and the (3) cultural perspective (the bottom-up approach) seeking to influence change through encouraging value changes within organizations. Change strategies are as varied as the perspectives propelling them; they encompass fixing the parts (through curricular or instructional innovations), fixing the people (through training and professional development), fixing the schools (through organizational development), and fixing the system (through comprehensive school restructuring). Long-term success has not been achieved by any of these methods. Comprehensive school restructuring offers the most promising new direction for educational reform and incorporates elements of the other three strategies. (Contains 46 references.) (Author/MLH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Comprehensive School Improvement Program; Experimental Schools Program; Individually Guided Education
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 20-24, 1992).