ERIC Number: ED348430
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Reference Count: 0
An Historical Comparison of Parental Involvement of Three Generations of Japanese Americans (Isseis, Niseis, and Sanseis) in the Education of Their Children.
Shoho, Alan R.
A study was done that compared the parental involvement of three generations of Japanese Americans in their children's education, particularly their involvement in academic work and extracurricular activities and perceived barriers to involvement. First generation Japanese American immigrants are called "Isseis" in Japanese; second generation, first American-born, Japanese Americans are called "Niseis"; and the third generation Japanese Americans are called "Sanseis." The project used a case study oral history approach on 69 Japanese Americans in Hawaii who ranged in age from 29 to 81 years. There were 10 Isseis, 49 Niseis, and 10 Sanseis. Other sources of data included historical documents such as high school yearbooks, school newspapers, and student handbooks. The data were analyzed using a multiple comparative analysis. The results show that ensuing generations of Japanese Americans became more active and directly involved in the education of their children. This evolutional development was highly related to language communication and familiarity with the dominant culture. The Americanization of Japanese immigrants along with succeeding generations who were educated in American schools reflect the role that American parents play in the education of their children. For the immigrant generation, several social, economical, and cultural difficulties acted as barriers to parental participation. With the exception of time and economics, succeeding generations were not hampered by the same barriers as was the immigrant generation. Included are 11 references. (JB)
Descriptors: Acculturation, Behavior Change, Case Studies, Comparative Analysis, Cultural Background, Economically Disadvantaged, Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education, Immigrants, Japanese American Culture, Japanese Americans, Oral History, Parent Participation, Parent School Relationship, Secondary School Students, Social History
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Hawaii; Intergenerational Factors; Issei; Language Minorities
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 20-24, 1992).