ERIC Number: ED348403
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-May
Reference Count: N/A
Further Findings on Non-Linear Patterns of the Blaming of Professionals for Incidents of Aggression and Assault.
Carifio, James; Lanza, Marilyn
This study compared responses to three vignettes describing incidents between a male patient and a female nurse that involved the nurse being mildly assaulted, severely assaulted, or verbally abused (the control condition) by the patient. After reading each vignette, 32 of 42 female senior-year nursing students and 28 of 48 practicing nurses answered 13 questions, using a 5-point rating scale assessing the degree to which each nurse was responsible for the incident. Responses to the three vignettes were highly correlated. The response levels to a given vignette could be predicted from a respondent's response to the other vignettes. No significant differences were found between vignette types. In general, the v-shaped non-linear response pattern where female nurses were blamed more for the incident in which a mild assault occurred than in the severe assault or control incident was confirmed in all analyses that cross-validated the results of the authors' previous studies, in which subjects responded to only one vignette. Data on subjects' age, years of job experience, prior assault history, and belief in a just world scores did not significantly correlate to any of the three vignette scores. The results strongly confirm those of the authors' previous research and support the blaming catastrophe phenomenon. Nine tables and a 21-item list of references are included. (RLC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Assaults; Blame; Vignettes
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the New England Educational Research Association (Portsmouth, NH, May 6-8, 1992).