ERIC Number: ED348156
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
War and Peace: Toys, Teachers, and Tots.
Dodd, Arleen; And Others
War play is play with a toy that initiates violence or play that involves the imitation of war. War play can involve: (1) the use of toys based on television cartoon shows to imitate the action in the cartoons; (2) play with replicas of war paraphernalia or manipulatives shaped into guns; and (3) dramatic play. The negative effects on children that result from the first two types of war play include a lack of creativity and dramatic play, limited ability to work through anxiety, use of negative verbalizations, and increases in undesirable play in the classroom. Positive effects include an enhancement of children's ability to feel control. Negative effects of dramatic war play include increased aggressive behavior and negative verbalizations. Positive effects include enhancement of creativity and imagination. In dealing with children's war play, teachers and parents may ban war play entirely, adopt a laissez-faire attitude, allow war play within limits, or actively facilitate war play. Researchers have offered suggestions to parents for counteracting the negative influences of war play. Governments in several Scandinavian countries have attempted to reduce the sale of war toys. Appended materials include a list of organizations involved in maintaining public awareness of issues concerning war play and a 21-item reference list. (BC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Toy Industry; War Toys
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Southern Association on Children Under Six (43rd, Tulsa, OK, March 23-28, 1992).