ERIC Number: ED347995
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Generative Learning in Small Groups.
Hooper, Simon; And Others
This research attempted to replicate and extend results from a previous study examining the effects on achievement of generating summaries or analogies while reading a lengthy text. Before the study, 111 undergraduate students from a large midwestern university were classified as high or low ability and randomly assigned to paired or individual conditions and to one of three experimental treatments: (1) a summaries group; (2) an analogies group; or (3) a control group. Subjects read a 6,300 word chapter about marine life and a posttest was administered to measure literal comprehension. Posttest achievement was higher for students who generated summaries (mean=21.41) than for students who generated analogies (mean=17.75). Furthermore, a significant interaction indicated that high ability students learned more effectively studying alone (mean=25.47) than in pairs (mean=18.55). Reasons for the ineffectiveness of the paired treatment are discussed. Results of the data analyses are presented in three tables. (3 notes, 22 references) (Author/BBM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Presentations at the Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology and Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division; see IR 015 706.