ERIC Number: ED347974
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Feb
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Two Instructional Conditions on Learners' Computer Anxiety and Confidence.
Bohlin, Roy M.
This investigation of the relationship of computer anxiety reduction to instructional strategies and learner characteristics used multiple repeated measures in a 2x2x2 quasi experimental design with arousal-seeking tendency, coping style, sex, computer skill mastery, and locus of control as the independent variables. Discrete dependent variables were pre- and post-computer anxiety and computer confidence scores. Pre- and post-tests were administered, and 10 randomly selected students kept journals of their thoughts and feelings during the 8 weeks of treatment. The subjects--120 students (61 male, 58 female, one non-report) enrolled in an introductory computer literacy and survey course at a large university--were assigned to two treatment levels: demonstration of computer skills by the instructor without hands-on experience and practice for students (control group), and demonstration with hands-on experience and practice in class (experimental group). The content covered and the laboratory assignments--creation of two spreadsheets--were the same and the time on task approximately equal. While statistical analyses showed no significant differences on the measures in the eight research hypotheses, analyses of journal entries showed more positive and fewer negative journal entries by students in the experimental group than in the control group. The experimental subjects also reported a decreased number of negative feelings, whereas the control subjects reported an increased number of negative feelings. It is suggested that, although the two treatments over a short period of time may not make very much difference in the anxiety, confidence, and performance of young, relatively motivated learners, if other affective concerns such as attitudes are important factors, then hands-on computer instruction is preferred. (56 references) (BBM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Computer Anxiety; Computer Confidence
Note: In: Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Presentations at the Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology and Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division; see IR 015 706.