ERIC Number: ED347805
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
World Englishes and Applied Linguistics.
Kachru, Braj B.
This paper addresses the issue of the relationship between World Englishes (WE) and applied linguistics. The diffusion of English is seen in terms of three concentric circles: the Inner Circle (first-language varieties, e.g., the United States, United Kingdom), the Outer Circle (English-as-a-Second-Language varieties), and the Expanding Circle (English-as-a-Foreign-Language varieties). The discussion is essentially restricted to the Outer Circle in which the institutionalized non-native varieties of English are used in multilingual and multicultural contexts, and focuses on four major issues, including: theoretical, applied, societal, and ideological. The paper is divided into the following sections: ontological issues; conflict between idealization and reality; acquisition and creativity; the "leaking paradigms"; cultural content of English; ideological change; where applied linguistics fails the Outer Circle of English; and types of fallacies about WEs. (Author/JL)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: World Englishes
Note: In: Tickoo, Makhan L., Ed. Languages & Standards: Issues, Attitudes, Case Studies; see FL 019 461.