ERIC Number: ED347730
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Jun-21
Reference Count: N/A
Technology for English Communication Skills for Deaf Students (TECSD) Project. Final Report.
New Technology Research Center, Menlo Park, CA.
Building on the visual orientation of individuals with deafness, and employing such techniques as visualization and directionality, a computer-based method of communicating syntactic knowledge to deaf students was designed. "The Question Game" was designed to model and help students build yes-no questions and WH questions (who, what, when, where). The system utilizes the high resolution graphics capability of the Macintosh computer to achieve visual effects essential to the instructional approach. Written and graphic corrective feedback respond specifically to each error that elementary and junior high-school students make in building English questions, and enable them to correct their misunderstandings. The system provides accompanying pictures to aid comprehension and multiple opportunities to practice and to receive immediate visual feedback. A multiple-choice test, constructed to measure the system's efficiency in teaching 15 students at the 4th/5th or 7th/8th grade levels to recognize correct grammatical structures, showed substantial and rapid improvement, though a test eliciting actual sentence production indicated no significant gains. This final report describes the project objectives, chronology of activities in design and development of materials, and reporting and dissemination activities. Appendixes present a conference paper titled "A Computer Approach to Teaching English Syntax to Deaf Students" by Nancy S. Fogel, and copies of the pre-test and post-test developed for the project. The final report is also accompanied by a teacher's guide to "The Question Game." (17 references) (JDD)
Descriptors: Communication Skills, Computer Assisted Instruction, Deafness, Educational Games, Educational Technology, Elementary Secondary Education, Grammar, Instructional Effectiveness, Language Acquisition, Language Skills, Microcomputers, Syntax
New Technology Research Center, 360 Ringwood Ave., Menlo Park, CA 94025.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: New Technology Research Center, Menlo Park, CA.
Identifiers: Wh Questions; Yes No Questions
Note: For a conference paper on this project, see ED 321 440 or Appendix 1 of EC 301 341. (Question Game discs 1 and 2 for Macintosh Computers accompanied original document but are not included here).