ERIC Number: ED347720
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Personal Assistant Service Programs in Germany, Sweden and the USA. Differences and Similarities.
This report compares personal assistance services to enable independent living for people with disabilities in Sweden, West Germany, and the United States. The report focuses on kinds of personal assistant services available, laws governing these services, the extent to which these services are met by each country's social security and welfare system, and how laws and services relate to the concept of independent living. After an introduction about personal assistance services in general, the second section looks at independent living movements in these three countries, and the third section at obstacles of comparing social welfare programs. The fourth section describes personal assistance services in Sweden and covers social security and welfare, social benefits for inhome personal assistance services, services relating to education and employment, administration and structure of programs, and evolution of the Swedish system of services. The following section looks at similar services in the United States. Covered are antidiscrimination law and the right to the least restrictive environment, social security and welfare law, federal legislation providing funding sources for personal assistant services, services relating to education and employment, program administration and structure, and program evaluation. The sixth section describes services in West Germany and addresses: social security and welfare, benefits for inhome personal assistance, education and employment services, program administration and structure, and program evaluation. A concluding section lists principles passed by a 1989 European Conference on Personal Assistance Services for Disabled Persons and highlights advantages and disadvantages of each country's programs. (61 references) (DB)
Descriptors: Ancillary School Services, Attendants, Civil Rights Legislation, Delivery Systems, Disabilities, Employment, Federal Legislation, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Independent Living, Program Administration, Social Services, Welfare Services
World Institute on Disability, 510 16th St., Oakland, CA 94612 ($10).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: World Inst. on Disability and Rehabilitation International, Oakland, CA.
Identifiers: Sweden; United States; West Germany
Note: Sponsored by the International Disability Exchanges and Studies (IDEAS) Project.