ERIC Number: ED347636
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Transformational Leadership. ERIC Digest, Number 72.
Liontos, Lynn Balster
This document examines transformational leadership, which focuses on the importance of teamwork and comprehensive school improvement, as an alternative to other modes of leadership. Transformational leadership is contrasted with: (1) instructional leadership, which encompasses hierarchies and leader supervision and usually excludes teacher development; and (2) transactional leadership, which is based on an exchange of services for various kinds of rewards that the leader controls, at least in part. The goals of transformational leadership include helping staff develop and maintain a collaborative, professional school culture; fostering teacher development; and helping teachers solve problems more effectively. Strategies of transformational leadership are described. Results include a positive influence on teacher collaboration, improved teacher attitudes toward school improvement, and altered instructional behavior. However, transformational leadership should be viewed as only one part of a balanced approach to creating high performance in schools. (7 references) (LMI)
Descriptors: Cooperative Planning, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Leadership, Leadership, Leadership Styles, Organizational Climate, Principals, Teacher Administrator Relationship, Teacher Supervision
Publication Sales, ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, University of Oregon, 1787 Agate Street, Eugene, OR 97403 (free; $2.50 postage and handling).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.
Identifiers: ERIC Digests