ERIC Number: ED347632
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Making Small Groups Productive.
Issues in Restructuring Schools, n2 Spr 1992
Issues in making small-group instruction effective are addressed in this theme issue, which focuses on an approach called Complex Instruction (CI). Developed by Elizabeth Cohen at Stanford University (California), the approach is designed for middle school students in heterogeneous classes. The program is based on four goals to help teachers foster high level interactions among students: (1) bolster students of low status by identifying multiple abilities; (2) raise the expectations for student competence; (3) develop student responsibility for each others' performance and learning; and (4) promote higher order thinking. This document includes a summary of Cohen and Cazden's forthcoming review of research literature on small groups; a report on two middle-grade classrooms who use the program; and an interview with a staff developer who helps teachers implement the program. Cohen's work concentrates on the challenge of using small groups to develop higher-order thinking in heterogeneous classrooms where status differences between high and low performing students usually pose problems for teachers and students. Nine sources for further reading are provided. (14 references) (LMI)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center on Organization and Restructuring of Schools, Madison, WI.
Identifiers: Complex Instruction