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ERIC Number: ED347322
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Employment Trends in Farm and Farm-Related Industries, 1975-87.
Majchrowicz, T. Alexander
Over 20.7 million jobs, or 19 percent of total U.S. employment, were classified as farm and farm related in 1987, but many were only peripherally related to agriculture. Almost 71 percent of these jobs were in metropolitan areas. Gains in total agricultural employment were limited to farm-related industries, whereas farm production jobs continued to decline. The number of farm proprietors diminished in reaction to labor-saving technological advancements and periods of unfavorable economic conditions in agriculture. Gains in agricultural service jobs and farm wage and salary positions limited the sector's employment loss in some regions. Job gains were generally in specific industries within the sector and were limited to metropolitan areas during 1986-87. Non-metropolitan areas lost processing and marketing jobs more slowly than metropolitan areas during downturns in the sector and gained jobs more quickly during periods of expansion. However, more processing industries lost than gained jobs since 1975. Wholesale and retail trade industries, peripherally related to farming, benefited from growth in population and increased consumer purchasing power. Indirect agribusinesses gained almost 400,000 jobs between 1975 and 1987. Many of these jobs were in metropolitan areas, far removed from the farm. (Four tables and 12 figures are provided. Appendixes include a technical glossary and 22 tables on regional employment.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Agribusiness, Agricultural Personnel, Agricultural Production, Agricultural Supplies, Employment Patterns, Employment Statistics, Farm Occupations, Farmers, Labor Market, Off Farm Agricultural Occupations, Producer Services, Statistical Analysis
ERS-NASS, P.O. Box 1608, Rockville, MD 20849-1608 (Order No. AGES 9121, $8; add 25% for non-U.S. addresses).
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC. Agriculture and Rural Economy Div.