ERIC Number: ED347220
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: 0
Ethnicity and Stratification in Hawaii. Operation Manong Resource Papers No. 1.
Okamura, Jonathan Y.
Operation Manong (OM) is a program of the University of Hawaii at Manoa that assists students who are considered to be underrepresented at the university to gain entrance and to graduate from the Manoa campus. Papers in this series are training materials for OM and are also a link between the university and the larger community. The analysis of the social stratification system of Hawaii begun in a previous paper is extended using data provided by the 1980 Census. Three objective indices of socioeconomic status (occupational distribution, educational achievement, and income) are used to determine the relative social statuses of ethnic groups in Hawaii. The ethnic groups can be ranked in an overall socioeconomic stratification order. Chinese Americans occupy the upper levels, with Whites also enjoying high social status. Japanese Americans and Korean Americans hold an intermediate position, as do Blacks. At the lower end of the social stratification scale are Filipinos, Native Hawaiians, and Samoan Americans. Given the rigidity of this stratification, subordinate ethnic groups have viewed political processes as a more likely means of mobility than economic opportunities. Social status advancement through access to political power is a lengthy and arduous process, which is made more difficult by the lack of economic resources. The resistance to change in Hawaii is detrimental to more than one-third of the population. Three tables present population data, and there is an eight-item list of references. (SLD)
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Blacks, Chinese Americans, College Students, Compensatory Education, Educationally Disadvantaged, Ethnic Groups, Ethnicity, Hawaiians, Higher Education, Japanese Americans, Korean Americans, Samoan Americans, Social Status, Social Stratification, Whites
Resource Papers, Operation Manong, East-West Road 4, Room 2D, Honolulu, HI 96822 (free).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Hawaii Univ., Manoa. Office of Student Affairs.
Identifiers: Filipinos; Hawaii; University of Hawaii Manoa