ERIC Number: ED347167
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
Characteristics of Interactors in Different Types of Curricula Settings: A Learning Experience in the Use and Misuse of Regression Analysis.
Dart, Barry C.; And Others
Personal and environmental variables that characterize students who are involved in different types of interactions in different types of classroom settings were studied. Organizational, behavioral, task, response, and initiation interactions were studied in four eighth-year science classrooms using both student-centered and teacher-directed curricula. Three teachers and 108 students in a large metropolitan secondary school in Brisbane (Australia) participated in the study. The study was conceptualized within the Lewinian B=f(P,E) framework (K. Lewin; 1936, 1951), and involves multivariate analysis of selected "P" variables: student personality, motivational, and cognitive characteristics, and "E" variables: curriculum materials and characteristics of the learning environment. Attempts to interpret the significant regression coefficients by referring to the original raw data indicate that the significance is an artifact of the regression model trying to accommodate extreme scores. Whenever data from complex environments are to be analyzed, the techniques applied must not attempt to fit the data into an articifical model. Alternative modeling procedure may be more appropriate. Thirteen tables and 8 figures present study data, and there is a list of 24 references. (SLD)
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Cognitive Style, Foreign Countries, Individual Characteristics, Interpersonal Relationship, Junior High Schools, Personality Traits, Regression (Statistics), Science Education, Science Teachers, Scores, Secondary School Students, Secondary School Teachers, Statistical Significance, Student Motivation
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Australia (Brisbane)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Australian Association for Research in Education (Armidale, Queensland, Australia, 1988).