ERIC Number: ED347161
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Elementary and Secondary Teachers' Beliefs about Testing and Grading.
O'Donnell, Angela; Woolfolk, Anita E.
Teachers' beliefs and the effects of these beliefs on instructional practices have become significant areas of research on teaching. The purpose of this study was to compare the beliefs of elementary and secondary teachers with respect to testing and grading and to identify factors that discriminate between the two groups of teachers. The sample consisted of 226 elementary school teachers and 117 secondary school teachers who completed questionnaires providing information about their views on the nature and dimensions of intelligence, educational goals, and beliefs about testing and grading. Results suggest that elementary teachers can be distinguished from secondary school teachers in the following ways: elementary teachers were more positive about the use of tests, but more negative in rating themselves as test-takers; they were more positive about social aspects of intelligence and subjective grading; they placed higher importance on tests and the social dimensions of intelligence; they rated themselves higher on social adaptiveness and social goals for education; and they valued subjective assessments more than did their secondary school counterparts. (LL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Subjective Evaluation
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (99th, San Francisco, CA, 1991).