ERIC Number: ED346071
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Principals' Gender and Work Orientations of Male and Female Teachers.
Chen, Michael; Addi, Audrey
Following R. M. Kanter's (1977) conceptualization of females as tokens and extension of this conceptualization to males, this study hypothesized that attitudes of male teachers would be significantly related to the principal's gender. A significant interaction between the principal's gender, the teacher's gender, and the teacher's administrative position was expected in explaining attitudes and work orientations. A questionnaire was administered to secondary school administrators and teachers (N=415) in a medium-sized industrial town in Israel. Findings of a three-way analysis of covariance suggested that principals' gender has a significantly greater effect on teachers' attitudes than does teachers' own gender; differences in the present school climate and in leadership styles also depend more on the principals' gender than on that of the teachers. Both male and female teachers' experience of working under female principals differs from that of working under male principals; under male principals, all teachers have more seniority and higher professional rank than under female principals. Under female principals, all teachers, both male and female, with or without an administrative position, express more positive attitudes toward their workplace than under male principals. Male teachers without an administrative position, whether under a male or a female principal, proved to be the most disadvantaged group. (LL)
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Collegiality, Females, Foreign Countries, Job Performance, Job Satisfaction, Leadership Styles, Males, Principals, Questionnaires, Secondary Education, Secondary School Teachers, Sex Differences, Sex Role, Teacher Administrator Relationship, Teacher Attitudes, Women Administrators, Women Faculty
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Israel; Work Orientation
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 20-24, 1992).