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ERIC Number: ED345955
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Pages: 41
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
American Influence on Okinawan Culture before 1972.
Trafton, Terry
The Ryukyu Islands form a chain stretching from the southernmost point of mainland Japan to the northern tip of Taiwan. The largest and most important of these islands is Okinawa. This paper documents the influence of other nations and cultures upon the Okinawan culture, and focuses upon U.S. cultural influence. In the mid-nineteenth century, Commodore Matthew Perry led an expedition to Okinawa as part of U.S. efforts to open Japan to trade. Okinawa proved to have great strategic significance during World War II, and the fighting caused the island's people and their culture to be devastated. The U.S. military was instrumental in the rebuilding of Okinawa and has remained a significant presence on the island to the present day. The impact of this presence upon Okinawan culture is discussed in terms of economics, education, religion, social and cultural changes, and changes in women's roles. The island was returned by the United States to Japanese control in 1972. An 18-item bibliography and two maps are among the appended items. (DB)
Publication Type: Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Japan (Okinawa); Japan (Ryukyu Islands)